Expenditure responsibility (ER), a more restrictive alternative to ED, is simply too specific to each grantmaker's particular grant agreement/program needs with an NGO. ER also requires extensive record keeping and reporting on the part of the grantee during the grant period, specific to the grant. Thus, there are few economies of scale available to effectively reduce costs to the grantmaking community. However, if during our due diligence we are unable to reasonably qualify a foreign organization for equivalency, we will provide the requesting funder with a file of information such that the pre-grant inquiry for your ER grant should be expedited. We may also provide limited ER services upon specific request, as we are in the process of determining whether this would be of benefit to the sector. For more information, please contact us.